Reference Management

Every article submitted to the Gantang Journal is strongly recommended to use reference management software such as Mendeley, Zotero, and the like. The style of writing citations and compiling a bibliography uses the APA 6th style format. The software is used for the following aspects.

Citation within the Text

Referring the Idea

In addition, an understanding of mathematical concepts will be easier to understand if mathematics learning is presented by linking the concepts to everyday life problems (Tik, 2014; Crowley, 2015; Izzati, Ahmad, & Abu, 2010).
Tik (2014), Crowley (2015), Izzati, Ahmad, & Abu (2010) stated that  the understanding of mathematical concepts will be easier to understand if mathematics learning is presented by linking the concepts to everyday life problems
Referring Quotation
Indeed, one researcher commented that “technological innovations have potential in the learning process” (Rumby, 2001, p. 44).
Referring the Source within Other Source
...(Halliday, 1987, cited in Unsworth, 2004, p. 15)
Piaget (1988) in Funny (2014) ...

Reference Writing


Kindt, M. (2004). Positive algebra. A collection of productive exercises. Utrecht: Freudenthal Institute.

Van de Walle, J. A., Karp, K.S., & Bay-Williams, J. M. (2013). Elementary and middle school mathematics. Teaching developmentally. New Jersey: Pearson.

NCTM. (2000). Principles and Standard for School Mathematics. Reston: Author.

OECD. (2003). The PISA 2003 Assessment Framework – Mathematics, Reading, Science, and Problem Solving Knowledge and Skills. Paris: Author.

Book Chapter

Drijvers, P., Goddijn, A., & Kindt, M.. (2010). Algebra education: Exploring topics and themes. In P. Drijvers, (Ed.), Secondary Algebra Education: Revisiting topics and themes and exploring the unknown (pp. 5–26). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

Article of Scientific Journal

Arumsari, L. E., Andreswari, D., & Saparahayuningsih, S. (2014). Media permainan matematika menggunakan aplikasi java dekstop sebagai alat bantu pengajaran hukum kekekalan bilangan dan luas. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi10(2), 157–167.

Article of Scientific Journal with DOI

Ashley-Smith, J. (2016). Losing the edge: the risk of a decline in practical conservation skills. Journal of the Institute of Conservation39(2), 119–132.

Article of Newspaper or Magazine

Bagnall, D. (1998, January 27). Private schools: Why they are out in front. The Bulletin, pp. 12-15.

Published Conference Article

Scheinin, P. (2009). Using student assessment to improve teaching and educational policy. In M. O'Keefe, E. Webb, & K. Hoad (Eds.), Assessment and student learning: Collecting, interpreting and using data to inform teaching (pp. 12-14). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Council for Educational Research.

Regularly Published Conference Article with DOI 

Herculano-Houzel, S., Collins, C. E., Wong, P., Kaas, J. H. & Lent, R. (2008). The basic nonuniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 12593-12598. doi:10.1073/pnas.0805417105

Unpublished Thesis

Rahman, M. (2013). Using authentic materials in the writing classes: Tertiary level scenario. (Unpublished master's thesis). BRAC University, Mohakhali, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Thesis from Website

Axford, J.C. (2007). What constitutes success in Pacific Island community conserved areas?(Doctoral dissertation, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia). Retrieved from

Webpage with Author's Description

Atherton, J. (2005). Behaviour modification. Retrieved from

Webpage without Author's Description

Behaviour modification. (2007). Retrieved from

Some examples were taken from