Student Errors in Mathematics Word Problem: What Can Be Learned?

Keywords: mathematics, word problem, student errors, problem-solving

Abstract

This study aims to understand better student errors in solving mathematics word problems. A Word problem is a problem that has a story or arrangement based on sentences. The qualitative research approach was used. The data were collected by giving tests and interviewing two male high achievers senior high school students in mathematics. The student error analysis adopted the Newman error analysis system. The source triangulation was used to ensure the data validity. Based on the collecting data and data analysis, the decoding/reading error happened caused by students' common understanding or unfamiliarity of the mathematical terms used in the problem. The subjects showed inconsistency in interpreting problem sentences and misused mathematical symbols. Furthermore, the subject encountered difficulties with the arithmetic process, especially fractions and their operation. This research identified students' difficulties in solving problem mathematics word problems. Moreover, this research provides evidence that encourages further research on mathematical literacy, mathematical communication skills, students' arithmetic skills, and the evaluation process of the problem-solving activity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amalia, R., Aufin, M., & Khusniah, R. (2018). Analisis kesalahan dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pada pokok bahasan persamaan linier berdasarkan newman kelas X-Mia di SMA Bayt Al-Hikmah kota Pasuruan. Prosiding SNMPM II.

Aminah, A., & Ayu Kurniawati, K. R. (2018). Analisis kesulitan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika topik pecahan ditinjau dari gender. JTAM | Jurnal Teori Dan Aplikasi Matematika, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.31764/jtam.v2i2.713

Argina, A. W., Mitra, D., Ijabah, N., & Setiawan, R. (2017). Indonesian PISA result: What factors and what should be fixed?. The 1st Education and Language International Conference Proceedings Center for International Language Development of Unissula.

Arifin, S., Zulkardi, Z., Ratu Ilma Indra, P., & Hartono, Y. (2021). Analisis kemampuan pemecahan masalah siswa SMP ditinjau dari kemampuan memahami, merencana, dan menyelesaikan masalah. Jurnal Gantang, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.31629/jg.v6i1.3050

Bossé, Michael and Chandler, K. (2014). Situating student errors: linguistic-to-algebra translation errors. Igarss 2014, 1.

Bossé, M. J., Adu-gyamfi, K., & Cheetham, M. R. (2009). Assessing the difficulty of mathematical translations: Synthesizing the Literature and Novel Findings Michael J. Bossé, Kwaku Adu-Gyamfi, & Meredith R. Cheetham East Carolina University. 6(3).

Centre, P. T. R. (2020). Concept Builder: Newman’s Error Analysis. Australian Council For Educational Research. Retrieved from https://www.acer.org/files/PAT_Concept_Builder-Newmans_error_analysis_FINAL.pdf?

Fuchs, L. S., Seethaler, P. M., Powell, S. R., Fuchs, D., Hamlett, C. L., & Fletcher, J. M. (2008). Effects of preventative tutoring on the mathematical problem solving of third-grade students with math and reading difficulties. Exceptional Children, 74(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/001440290807400202

Hadi, S., Retnawati, H., Munadi, S., Apino, E., & Wulandari, N. F. (2018). The difficulties of high school students in solving higher-order thinking skills problems. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 76(4). https://doi.org/10.33225/pec/18.76.520

Handayani Z, K. (2017). Analisis Faktor – Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Soal Cerita Matematika. Semnastika Unimed.

Helwig, R., Rozek-tedesco, M. A., Tindal, G., Heath, B., & Almond, P. J. (1999). Reading as an access to mathematics problem solving on multiple-choice tests for sixth-grade students. Journal of Educational Research, 93(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/00220679909597635

Hj, I. (2010). Error analysis and the corresponding cognitive activities committed by year five primary students in solving mathematical word problems. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 3836–3838. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.600

Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayanan No 24 Tahun 2016 tentang kompetensi inti dan kompetensi dasar pelajaran pada Kurikulum 2013 pada pendidikan dasar dan pendidikan menengah, 1 (2016).

Made, S. I. (2018). Analisis Kesulitan Siswa dalam Menyelesaikan Operasi Hitung pecahan siswa sekolah dasar. International Journal of Elementary Education, 2(2).

Magfirah, M., Maidiyah, E., & Suryawati, S. (2019). Analsis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika berdasarkan prosedur Newman. Lentera Sriwijaya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.36706/jls.v1i2.9707

Maulana, M. A. S., & Dachi, S. W. (2021). Analisis keslahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita berdasarkan prosedur newman pada materi SPLDV siswa SMP Al–Maksum T.P 2020/2021. Journal Mathematics Education Sigma [JMES], 2(2), 96–104. https://doi.org/10.30596/jmes.v1i2.5193

Maulyda, M. A., Annizar, A. M., Hidayati, V. R., & Mukhlis, M. (2020). Analysis of students’ verbal and written mathematical communication error in solving word problem. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1538(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/17426596/1538/1/012083

Mutamima, M., & Manoy, J. T. (2019). Kemampuan komunikasi matematika siswa smp dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita ditinjau dari tipe kepribadian. MATHEdunesa, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.26740/mathedunesa.v8n3.p576-582

Nasiruudin, F. A. Z., & Hayati, H. (2019). Analisis kesulitan menyelesaikan soal operasi hitung pecahan pada siswa sekolah dasar di Makassar. Klasikal: Journal of Education, Language Teaching And Science, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.52208/klasikal.v1i2.31

Nofrianto, A., Amri, M. A., & Elfa, R. (2016). Literatur study: The relationship of mathematics problem solving and students’ higher order thinking skills. International Conference On Research, Implementation and Education of Mathematics And Sciences (ICRIEMS) 2014 Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Yogyakarta State University, 272–278.

Nofrianto, A., Maryuni, N., & Amri, M. A. (2017). Komunikasi matematis siswa: pengaruh pendekatan matematika realistik. Jurnal Gantang, 2(2).

Nurjanatin, I., Sugondo, G., & Manurung, M. M. H. (2017). Analisis kesalahan peserta didik dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pada materi luas permukaan balok di kelas VIII–F semester II SMP Negeri 2 Jayapura. Jurnal Ilmiah Matematika Dan Pembelajarannya, 2(1).

OECD. (2018). PISA 2018 Results (Volume I) What students know and can do. OICDiLibrary. Retrieved from https://www.oecdilibrary.org/sites/a9b5930aen/index.html?itemId=/content/component/a9b5930a-en

Phonapichat, P., Wongwanich, S., & Sujiva, S. (2014). An analysis of elementary school students’ difficulties in mathematical problem solving. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116(2012), 3169–3174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.728

PISA. (2016). PISA 2015 Results (Volume I). In Oecd.

Rahmawati, D., & Permata, L. D. (2018). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita program linear dengan prosedur Newman. Jurnal Elektronik Pembelajaran Matematika, 5(2).

Rofi’ah, N., Ansori, H., & Mawaddah, S. (2019). Analisis kesalahan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita matematika berdasarkan langkah Polya. EDU-MAT: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.20527/edumat.v7i2.7379

Sari, Y. M., & Eric, V. (2016). An analysis of students error in solving PISA 2012 and its scaffolding. Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education, 1(2), 90–98.

Udil, P. A., Senia, M. E., & Lasam, Y. (2021). Analisis kesalahan siswa sd dalam menyelesaiak soal cerita operasi hitung bilangan cacah berdasarkan Prosedur Newman. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika (Jupitek), 4(1). https://doi.org/10.30598/jupitekvol4iss1pp36-46

Utami, A. J. L., & Zukarnaen, R. (2019). Analisis kesalahan siswa kelas XI dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita pada materi sistem persamaan linear tiga variabel (SPLTV). Prosiding Sesiomadika, 2(1b).

Zahrah, R. F. (2016). Peningkatan kemampuan menyelesaikan soal cerita dan motivasi belajar siswa sekolah dasar melalui penggunaan masalah konstekstual matematika. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.17509/jpp.v16i2.4229

Zalima, E. I., Njanji, F. P., Lasmiatik, L., Agustina, L., & Dela, M. (2020). Analisis kesulitan siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal cerita operasi hitung pada bilangan pecahan campuran. Prismatika: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Riset Matematika, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.33503/prismatika.v2i2.658

Published
2022-08-30
How to Cite
Nofrianto, A., Gulo, A. D., Amri, M. A., & Rafulta, E. (2022). Student Errors in Mathematics Word Problem: What Can Be Learned?. Jurnal Gantang, 7(1), 59-67. https://doi.org/10.31629/jg.v7i1.4426