INTERPRETASI DATA DERAJAT KRISTANILITAS DAN UKURAN KRISTAL KARBON AKTIF AMPAS TEBU TERAKTIVASI KOH, H3PO4, Na2S2O3, KMnO4, KSCN, FeCl3

  • Wiwin Kunusa Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Hendrik Iyabu Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
  • Ishak Isa Universitas Negeri Gorontalo
Keywords: karbon aktif, ampas tebu, parameter kisi, ukuran kristal

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengkaji tentang pembuatan dan karakterisasi karbon aktif ampas tebu (KAAT) menggunakan metode aktivasi fisik dan aktivasi kimia. Digunakan variasi suhu karbonasi 4500C dan 6500C dan aktivator H3PO4 10%, FeCl3 10%dan KMnO4 10%. Hasil karakterisasi derajat kristanilitas dan ukuran Kristal karbon aktif menggunakan Instrumen pembacaan hasil Difragtogram XRD. Variasi aktivator dan variasi suhu dilakukan tujuannya untuk menghasilkan produk arangaktif yang memiliki permukaan spesifik, porositas, kerapatan dan ketahanan mekanis yangtinggi.Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan derajat kristalinitas sampel secara keseluruhan cenderung meningkat berdasarkan kenaikan suhu.

References

[1]. Pin Hao,a  Zhenhuan Zhao,a Jian Tian,a Haidong Li,a Yuanhua Sang,a Guangwei Yu,a Huaqiang Cai,b Hong Liu,*a C.P.Wong*c  and  Ahmad Umar*de 2014.Hierarchical porous carbon aerogel derived from bagasse for high performance supercapacitor electrode. Journal Nanoscale. Issue 20

[2]. D. S. Kharat1 * .2015. Preparing Agricultural Residue Based Adsorbents for Removal of Dyes from Effluents. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering Print version ISSN 0104-6632 Braz. J. Chem. Eng. Vol.32 No.1 

[3]. Abdel-Raouf MS* and Abdul-Raheim ARM. 2017. Removal of Heavy Metals from Industrial Waste Water by Biomass-Based. Materials: Journal of Pollution Effects & Control. DOI: 10.4172/2375-4397.1000180

[4] Wang, Zhenbo Zhang, Yuning Qu, Yupeng Guoi, Zichen Wang, Xiaofeng Wang. 2014. A Novel route fpr preparation of high performance porous carbons from hydrochars by KOH activation. ISSN 0927-7757.

[5] Ioannidou, O., & Zabaniotou, A. (2007). Agricultural residues as precursors for activated carbon production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(9), 1966-2005
.
[6] Tushar C. Sarker, Ahmed Abd El-Gawad, Shah Md. Golam Gousul Azam, Salvatore A. Gaglione. 2017. Sugarcane bagasse: a potential low-cost biosorbent for the removal of hazardous materials. Clean Techn Environ Policy. DOI: 10.1007/s10098-017-1429-7

[7] Md. Ahiduzzaman1 and A.K.M.Sadrul Islam2.2016.Preparation of porous bio-char and activated carbon from rice husk by leaching ash and chemical activation. Springerplus. 5(1): 1248.

[8] BEATA DOCZEKALSKA, MONIKA BARTKOWIAK, GRAŻYNA ORSZULAK, ZBIGNIEW KATOLIK Activated carbons from plant materials Institute of Chemical Wood Technology, Department of Wood Technology, Poznan University of Life Sciences. Annals of Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW Forestry and Wood Technology № 92, 2015: 88-91 (Ann. WULS - SGGW, For. and Wood Technol. 92, 2015)
[9] González-García P.2018. Activated carbon from lignocellulosics precursors: A review of the synthesis methods, characterization techniques and applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, 1393-1414.
[10] Kyzas, G. Z., & Deliyanni, E. A. (2015). Modified activated carbons from potato peels as green environmental-friendly adsorbents for the treatment of pharmaceutical effluents. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 97, 135-144.

[11] Purmana, Eko Firman. 2006. Pengaruh Suhu Reaksi Terhadap Derajat Kristalinitas dan Komposisi Hidroksiapatit Dibuat dengan Media Air dan Cairan Tubuh Buatan (Synthetic Body Fluid) [Skipsi]. Bogor : Institut Pertanian Bogor.

[12] Solechan A. 2001. Pengukuran Derajat Kristalinitas Tulang Tikus Pada Berbagai Umur Dengan XRD [Skipsi]. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.
Published
2020-10-13
Section
Articles