Violation of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 for Crimes Against Humanity in Myanmar and China


  • Fithriatus Shalihah Faculty of Law, Ahmad Dahlan University, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Raka Fiqri Faculty of Law, Ahmad Dahlan University, Indonesia
  • Mohd. Arief Ministry of Law and Human Rights Riau Regional Office



Human Rights Violations, Myanmar, China, UDHR 1948.


Since the birth of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, it has been a marker and guide in which it is hoped that in the future, there will be no more violations of human rights around the world, every human being has the right to a decent life and a peaceful life, free to embrace religion and life without discrimination, But this is not the case in Myanmar and China. So far, various facts have shown human rights violations committed by the Government of Myanmar and China, acts of discrimination, restrictions on freedom of religious rituals, and acts of severe crimes against humanity such as Genocide. Countries that should be the subject of international law that protects the human rights of their citizens are perpetrators of human rights crimes against them, international organizations such as the United Nations cannot do much in dealing with human rights violations and crimes against humanity that occur, this paper will discuss how the judicial review of UDHR violations against crimes against humanity that occurred in Myanmar and China and how the United Nations should play a role. The research method used is normative legal research using secondary data, primary legal materials, namely the 1948 UDHR and international legal instruments, and secondary legal materials of a literary nature such as books, journals, articles, and newspapers from internet sites that the author considers relevant related to the object written discussion.



Alston, P., and F.M. Suseno. Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia. PUSHAM UII, 2015.

Soekanto, Soerjono, and Sri Mamudji. “Penelitian Hukum Normatif, Cetakan Ke-13.†Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada (2011).

Perwita, A.A.B., and Y. M. Yani. Pengantar Ilmu Hubungan Internasional. Remaja RosdaKarya, 2008.


Arianta, Ketut, Dewa Gede Sudika Mangku, and Ni Putu Rai Yuliartini. “Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Kaum Etnis Rohingya Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia Internasional.†Jurnal Komunitas Yustisia 3, no. 2 (2020): 166–176.

Bourne, Jenny. "If Not Now, When?" SAGE Publications Sage UK: London, England, 2020.

Donnelly, Jack. Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. Cornell University Press, 2013.

Isharmi, Baiq Selpa Windi. “Analisis Pelanggaran Ham Terhadap Etnis Minoritas Rohingya Di Myanmar Dalam Perspektif Hukum Internasional.†Universitas Mataram, 2018.

Ismira, Andi, and Ahmad Amiruddin Tennang. "Xinjiang Human Right Violation And Radicalism Issues: A Development Inequality Framing." Mandala: Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional 2, no. 1 (2019): 22–44.

Kurniawan, Nalom. “Kasus Rohingya Dan Tanggung Jawab Negara Dalam Penegakan Hak Asasi Manusia.†Jurnal Konstitusi 14, no. 4 (2018): 880–905.

Martanti, Fitria, and Gadis Herningtyasari. "Rohingya and The Concept of Conflict Resolution." In 3rd Annual International Seminar and Conference on Global Issues (ISCoGI 2017), 140–143. Atlantis Press, 2019.

Perez-Leon-Acevedo, Juan-Pablo. "The Rohingya People and the International Court of Justice: Religion-Related Legal Analysis." Oxford Journal of Law and Religion (2020).

Rogers, Roy Anthony, and Jatswan S Sidhu. "International Norms and Human Rights Conditions in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xuar)." MJIR| Malaysian Journal of International Relations 4, no. 1 (2016): 109–137.

Sieghart, Paul. “The International Law of Human Rights.†VRÜ Verfassung und Recht in Übersee 20, no. 1 (1986): 110–111.

Starke, Joseph Gabriel. Introduction to International Law. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1989.

Triono, Triono. “Peran Asean Dalam Penyelesaian Konflik Etnis Rohingnya.†Jurnal Tapis: Jurnal Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam 10, no. 2 (2014): 1–11.

Laws and regulations

Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948




How to Cite

Shalihah, Fithriatus, Muhammad Raka Fiqri, and Mohd. Arief. “Violation of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 for Crimes Against Humanity in Myanmar and China”. Jurnal Selat 8, no. 2 (May 31, 2021): 200–217. Accessed October 5, 2023.