Anak dan Kejahatan (Faktor Penyebab dan Perlindungan Hukum)

  • Ria Juliana Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Negeri Semarang
  • Ridwan Arifin Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Abstract

The State of Indonesia has never been separated from existing regulations, given that the State of Indonesia is a rule of law and all actions taken refer to the applicable law. The problem of a law lies in the procedure for the application of the law and the implementation of the law, in legal protection for children in Indonesia, both victims and perpetrators have the right to be protected, for this reason a rule of law has been set against the child’s own misconduct applicable. Problematics of arrest and detention and punishment of crimes committed by children enactment of article 43 of Act No. 3 of 1997 which explains that child detainees are basically still in effect the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code (KUHAP) are the loss of children's rights and protection against applicable law. The development of the rights of the child is a public concern because at this time child perseverance has spread and the application of the law continues to apply to that the rights of children must also be considered to see that children's rights must also be fought for. Above everything discussed above that neglected the rights of children and their protection was due to the lack of attention from parents and families and a small part of this resulted from an environment that was not good for the character of the child himself. To create high peace and stability then the basis of the change is parents. Improvements made to the guidance of children that are carried out fundamentally with love and love, it does not rule out the possibility of child delinquency or criminal acts that are done less, other things if the child is allowed to grow without attention then does not rule out the greater the crime that will be committed.

References

A. Buku

Arinanto, Satya. Hak Asasi Manusia dalam Transisi Politik di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Hukum Tata Negara Fakultas Hukum Universitas Indonesia, 2011.

Azizah, Nur. Nilai Keadilan Terhadap jaminan Kompensasi Bagi Korban Kejahatan (Sebuah Kajian Filosofis – Normatif. Makassar: Pustaka Pena Press, 2016.

Black, Henry Campbell. Black’s Law Dictionary. St. Paul Minn West Publishing Co., Sixth Edition, 1990.

Gosita, Arif. Masalah Perlindungan Anak. Jakarta: Akademi Presindo, 1989.

Gultom, Maidin. Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Anak dalam Sistem Peradilan Anak di Indonesia. Bandung: Refika Utama, 2010.

Joan Mc. Cord, Cathy Spatz Widom, and Nancy A. Crowell, eds. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice. Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 2001.

Joni, Mohammad dan Zulchaina Z. Tanamas. Aspek Hukum Perlindungan Anak dalam Perspektif Konvensi Hak Anak. Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 1999.

Limantoro, Singgih Widodo. “Hukuman Sebagai Alat Pendidikan Ditinjau Dari Sudut Pandang Pendidikan, Hukuman, Agama, dan Medika”, Jurnal Teknologi Pembelajaran: Teori dan Penelitian, Tahun 8, Nomor 2, Oktober 2000.

Majelis Pemusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia. Putusan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia: Sidang Tahunan Majelis Pemusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia 7 –8 Agustus 2000. Sekretariat Jenderal MPR-RI: Jakarta. 2000.

Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1995.

Soetodjo, Wagiati. Hukum Pidana Anak. Bandung; Refika Aditama, 2006.

B. Jurnal

Angga, A., & Arifin, R. Penerapan Bantuan Hukum Bagi Masyarakat Kurang Mampu di Indonesia. DIVERSI: Jurnal Hukum, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2019, hlm. 218 - 236. DOI: 10.32503/diversi.v4i2.374

Arifin, R, Rasdi, R, Alkadri, R. “Tinjauan atas Permasalahan Penegakan Hukum dan Pemenuhan Hak dalam Konteks Universalime dan Relativisme Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia”, LEGALITY: Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum, Vol. 26 No. 1, 2018

Harjo, Novita. “Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Dengan Psychological Well-Being Pada Remaja Korban Sexual Abuse”. Jurnal Analitika, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2017.

Justicia, Risty. “Program Underwear Rules Untuk Mencegah Kekerasan Seksual Anak Usia Dini”, Jurnal Pendidikan Usia Dini, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2016.

Katiandagho, Endre Vendy. “Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Anak Sebagai Korban Kejahatan Menurut Hukum Pidana Indonesia”, Lex Crimen Vol. V No. 6, Agustus 2016.

Kemala Dewi, M., & Arifin, R., “Emancipation and Legal Justice: Portrait of Women's Legal Protection in Indonesia”, JURNAL CITA HUKUM, Vol. 7 No. 1, 2019, DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/jch.v7i1.10261

Noviana, Ivo. “Child Sexual Abuse: Impact and Hending”, Sosio Informa, Vol. 01, No. 1, 2015, hlm. 17-28.

Purnomo, Bambang dan Gunarto, “Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Anak Sebagai Pelaku Dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak (Studi Kasus di Polres Tegal)”, Jurnal Hukum Khaira Ummah Vol. 13. No. 1 Maret 2018.

Putri, K. D. A., & Arifin, R., “Tinjauan Teoritis Keadilan dan Kepastian dalam Hukum di Indonesia (The Theoretical Review of Justice and Legal Certainty in Indonesia)”. MIMBAR YUSTITIA, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2019.

Satjipto Rahardjo, “Hukum Progresif: Hukum yang Membebaskan”, Jurnal Hukum Progresif, Volume 1 No. 1, April 2005.

Setyaningrum, A. & Arifin, R., “Analisis Upaya Perlindungan dan Pemulihan Terhadap Korban Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT) Khususnya Anak-Anak dan Perempuan”, MUQODDIMAH: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial, Politik, dan Humaniora, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2019.

Tursilani, Tateki. “Dampak Kekerasan Seksual Di Ranah Domestik Terhadap Keberlangsungan Hidup Anak”, Jurnal Media Informasi Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2017.

C. Internet

Bhayangkara, Chyntia Sami, Ada 32 Kasus Trafficking dan Eksploitasi Anak di Indonesia pada Awal 2018, OKEZONE NEWS, 3 April 2018, diakses dari https://news.okezone.com/read/2018/04/03/337/1881471/ada-32-kasus-trafficking-dan-eksploitasi-anak-di-indonesia-pada-awal-2018

D. Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945

United Nation Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their liberty. Adopted by Assembly resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990. Artikel 17.

Undang-Undang Perlindungan Anak, UU No. 35 Tahun 2014 tentang Perubahan Atas UU No. 23 Tahun 2002 tentang Perlindungan Anak.

Published
2019-08-26
How to Cite
Juliana, R., & Arifin, R. (2019). Anak dan Kejahatan (Faktor Penyebab dan Perlindungan Hukum). Jurnal Selat, 6(2), 225-234. https://doi.org/10.31629/selat.v6i2.1019
Section
Articles