Problematika Kelembagaan Partai Politik

Studi Terhadap Fungsi Representasi Partai Politik Pascareformasi

  • Novi Winarti Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
  • Nazaki Nazaki Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
Keywords: political parties, representation, constituents

Abstract

Political parties have functions representation, conversion and aggregation, integration, persuasion, repression, recruitment and selection of leaders, considerations and formulation of policies and control of the government. However, after the reform which was marked by the opening of the widest possible tap of democracy, it did not make all the functions of the political party work. Even today, the number of public dissatisfaction with the performance of political parties is still very high. So the thing that is interesting is why political parties in the reformation period experienced a crisis of representation functions. This study was conducted using qualitative desktiptif analysis methods through literature review. The study found that the crisis of representation functions experienced by political parties during the reform period was caused by the weakness of the political party institutions themselves, including the systemic aspects which caused weak formal representation, low values ​​/ ideology of political parties which caused weak symbolic representation and low authority what political parties have in making decisions leads to low political party substantive representation.

References

Sumber Buku:

Amal, Ichlasul. 1996. Teori-Teori Mutakhir Partai Politik. Yogyakarta: PT. Tiara Wacana Yogya
Angulo, Joan Richart. 2010 “Desentralisasi dan Sistem Kepartaian di Indonesia”, makalah disampaikan pada Policy Forum: Desentralisasi dan Sistem Kepartaian oleh MAP UGM, Yogyakarta, 10 Agustus 2010
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Sumber Web Site:
Nababan, Asmara. “Reformasi Kepartaian untuk Perbaikan Representasi”, tersedia di www.demosindonesia.org, diakses pada tanggal 28 Mei 2019
Prayitno, Budi “Pelembagaan Politik PDIP Jateng”, tersedia di http://eprints.undip.ac.id/24270/, diakses 29 Mei 2019
Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A. dan William Mishler. 2005. “An Integrated Model of Women’s Representation”, The Journal Of Politics, Vol. 67, No. 2, May 2005, Pp. 407–428, diakses tanggal 8 April 2019 dari EBSCOhost Research Databases
Surbakti, Ramlan. “Tingkat Pelembagaan Partai Politik”, tersedia di http://www.unisosdem.org/ekopol_detail.php?aid=1017&coid=3&caid=3 diakses 31 Mei 2019

Sumber Media Massa:
Kompas, Mei 2010
Kompas, Januari 2013
Published
2019-09-08
How to Cite
Winarti, N., & Nazaki, N. (2019). Problematika Kelembagaan Partai Politik . KEMUDI : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 4(1), 112-122. https://doi.org/10.31629/kemudi.v4i1.1350