Dampak Program Pembangunan Pertanian Terhadap Peningkatan Produksi serta Pendapatan Petani Kawasan Perbatasan Kabupaten Sambas dan Kabupaten Sanggau
The purpose of this research is to analyze the implementation of agricultural development program policies that have been implemented in the border areas, especially Sambas and Sanggau districts, and the impacts that have been caused as a result of this program on the welfare of farmers in border areas. This research uses qualitative and quantitative methods. with research, locations include Sambas Regency and Sanggau Regency. The research location in Sambas District is in Paloh Subdistrict, namely in Matang Danau Village and Tebas District, namely in Tebas Sungai Village, while the research location in Sanggau Regency is in Entikong District, namely in Nekan Village, Kembayan District, namely in Lubuk Sabuk Village and Sekayam District namely Singles Service. The sample population in this study were rice farmers who received assistance from agricultural development programs such as seeds, fertilizers, medicines, and other sarprodi. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. Data collection techniques, namely by using primary data and secondary data. The impact analysis used before and after analysis (ex-ante vs ex-post). Data analysis used Paired Samples T-test. The implementation of agricultural development programs that have been implemented in the border areas of Sanggau and Sambas Regencies in rice commodities, among others, are programs for providing seeds, fertilizers including pesticides, pumps, transplants, combine, and RMU (Rice milling unit). The assistance program is not only from the central and regional governments but also from Bank Indonesia, BRI, and also from village funds. The agricultural development program has an impact on increasing the production and productivity of farmers even though it has not reached the predetermined targets, but it also has an impact on increasing income and efficiency of production costs.
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