Improving Students' Speaking Skills by Conducting Small Group Discussions in Grade 8 Smpn 14 Bintan

  • Diah Khotimah Ruba'i Universitas Maritim Raja Ali Haji
  • Nainggolan Elsa Ernawati
  • Muhammad Candra
Keywords: Small group discussions, Students' Speaking Skill, Speaking skill

Abstract

This study aimed to describe how small group discussions improved students' speaking skills in class VIII of SMPN 14 Bintan. The method used in this research is classroom action research (CAR). The population in this study were all class VIII C of SMPN 14 Bintan students in the 2021/2022 academic year, consisting of 28 students. The data was collected through pre-test and post-test. In the first test (pre-test), the number of students who met the minimum completeness criteria of 75 was 1 out of 28 students (5%). In the second test (post-test I), students who scored above 75 or met the minimum completeness criteria were 7 out of 28 students (25%). In the third test (post-test II), 16 of 28 students (57.14%) met the minimum completeness criteria of 75. The result shows that there are some improvements in the students' speaking skills quantitatively and qualitatively. Moreover, students were more active and participated in the teaching and learning process of speaking. To conclude, the SGD worked excellently and efficiently in helping students speak English in the eighth grade of SMPN 14 Bintan.

References

Bohari, L. (2019). Improving Speaking Skills Through Small Group Discussion At Eleventh Grade Students Of Sma Plus Munirul Arifin Nw Praya. Journal of Languages and Language Teaching, Vol. 7 No.1.
Brown, G. &. (2015). Effective Teaching in Higher Education (reprint). . USA: Routledge.
Brown, H. D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. (2nd Ed). New York: Pearson Education.
Brown, H. D. (2004). Teaching by Principles: Language Assessment. . New York: Pearson Education.
Brown, H. D. (2018). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices 3rd Edition. . USA: Pearson Education ESL.
Bygate, M. (1987). Speaking. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cohen, E. G. (2014). Designing groupwork: Strategies for the heterogeneous classroom (3rd ed). New York: Teachers College Press.
Darmadi, H. (2015). Assessing Procedure Text Through Simulation To The Tenth Grade Students Of SMK Al-Madani Pontianak. An Article For Tefl Assessment.
DEWI, N. A. (2020). Improving Students’ Writing on Descriptive Paragraphs through Instagram Personal Photography. MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR.
Durriyah, R. (2017). The Effectiveness Of Using Small Group Discussion On Students’ Reading Comprehension Of Recount Text. Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta.
Fauzi, I. (2017). Improving Students’ Speaking Ability through SmallGroup Discussion. Journal of ELT Research.
Florez, C. M. ( 1999). Improving Adult English Language Learners’ Speaking Skills.
Flutcher, G. (2003). Testing Second Language Speaking. . Great Britain: Pearson Education Longman.
Harmer, J. (2001). The practice of English language teaching (3rd ed). London: Longman.
Jhonson, A. P. (2010). Making Connections in Elementary and Middle School Social Studies. USA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Kemmis, S. M. (1990). The Action Research Planner. Australia: Deakin University.
Kidsvatter, R. (1996). Dynamics of effective teaching. London: Longman Published Ltd.
Koşar, G. &. (2014). Strategies-based instruction: A means of improving adult EFL learners’ speaking skills. International Journal of Language Academy, 2(3), 12–26.
La’biran, R. (2017). Improving Speaking Ability Through Small Group Discussion for the Eight-Year Students of SMPN 2 SALUPUTTI in Tana Toraja. Universitas Kristen Indonesia Toraja Volume 04 Number 01.
Mills, G. E. (2000). Action Research: A Guide for Teacher Researcher. . New York: Prentice-Hall.
Nuranalisa. (2020). Improving Students’ Speaking Skill Through Animation Movie At Second Grade Of Smpn 5 Mandai. Muhammadiyah University Of Makassar.
Orlich, D. C. (2010). Teaching Strategies: A Guide to Effective Instruction (9th ed).
Rahman, F. e. (2011). Impact of Discussion Method on Students Performance. . International Journal of Business and Social Science. (2)7, 88-89. .
Rifai. (2016). Classroom Action Research In Christian Class. Sukoharjo: BornWin's.
Rukajat, A. (2018). Penelitian tindakan kelas . Yogyakarta : Deepublish.
Sidik, A. S. (2013). Improving Students’ Speaking Ability Through Practice Rehearsal Pair of The Tenth Grade of Man Malang 1. Language-Edu, 2(4), 682–688.
Sudaryono. (2013). Pengembangan Instrumen Penelitian Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Published
2022-09-30